Sunday, September 29, 2013

 Preface

 Education is a God gifted mercy for a human being.  Islam is a faith of learning and seeking of knowledge from Hira Cave to World Super Power. Education in Kohsar especially in Circle Bakote is not a custom of modern age but from prehistory period. I am trying my best to educate my friends about old virtues of our Civilization. This is a brief account of educational tradition in Circle Bakote but I started this from Birote where I get started my life. I will compile this as I learn more and more knowledge of education in Circle Bakote. 

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Written by
MOHAMMED OBAIDULLAH ALVI
(Journalist, Historian, Blogger and Anthropologist)
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Chief Minister KPK Perwaiz Khatak announced Girls Degree College at Birote & Boys Degree College at Kohala during recent visit of Abbottabad. MNA Dr. Azher Jadoon, Rifaq Abbasi and others were on this occesion. CM further advised to MNA immediate purchase of land for both colleges. (Reported by Isar Rajpoot Birote, Ph: 0344-9485859) (Read also Urdu news of this story)

 EDUCATIONAL HISTORY
 OF UNION COUNCIL BIROTE

Birote is a relatively well educated Union Council with a population of 45,000, it has two higher secondary schools, two middle schools, 58 primary and mosque schools and more than one dozen religious institutions.
In old times
The traditional religious education by the religious scholars and teachers of this area has for centuries been influenced by the older Vedic tradition. The old society of Circle Bakote was disturbed by the Sikh invasion in the first decade of the 19th century and all of the old religious families were expelled from this area. This lead to a loss of educational environment that affected the individual names of both sexes because Sikh soldiers destroyed the local human values as well as culture. This continued until the downfall of Sikh Army in Rawalpindi, Haripur and Hazara Division. The local people initially welcomed British Rule instead of Sikhashai but also fought War of Independence against them in 1857 and paid a huge loss of lives and properties.
Religious Education 
The religious education in Birote since pre history periods. In Dravidian, Arians and than Kathwal civilization, the Vadic Education was taught in temple as Mokeshpuri and Kohala Davi Temples. In mid of 1400 AD when Hazrat Sha Ali Hamdan came in Circle Bakote and Kathwal embraced Islam, they donated agricultural properties in favour of Madrissas and masques. This system was continued by Dhond Abbasies when they accopied Circle Bakote and Murree Hills from Kathwals in 1500 AD. Dhond Abbasies offered religious scholars very handsome packages after downfall of Gakherhs dynesty in 1800, so all religious families that existed in modern time are stayed there from 1830-56. Thre were many religios families who lived in Birote:-
  • Rishi families were dominated in Dravadians and Aryan age, while Brahmen families with temples and agriland in late Vadic Age.
  • There was Chuch rule existed at the time of victory by Mehmood of Gazni in Kohsar.
  • Culture gradually changed by invasion of Muslim communities.
  • Religious culture was in full swing till 14th century when Shah Ali Hamdan came and preached here.
  • First mosque in Kohsar had no record but first mosque in Murree was built at Potha Shareef in 15th century and at Baglotian in Birote in 16th century.
  • All previous religious families ascaped from Kohsar during Sikh diturbance in 1800-25 and all new families came here after 1830.
  • Alvi Awan of Birote first religious family who invited from Qummikot, district Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, satteled and awarded them mandate of relogio modern education since 1825. by Kamlal, sub tribe of Dhund Abbasi of Central Birote. They built second masque of Khoas Birote with trusteeship of Mehmood Khan (Bhago Khan) and his family members, where they started Quraan teaching and prayers of five time a day and seven days a week.
  • First Friday Prayer was started in Kohsar by Hazrat Molana Pir Fakir-u-llah Bakoti in Birote in 1918 according to his verdict.
 The famous Vedict of Pir Bakoti about Juma Prayers in 1873
     The first regular school in Kohsar
    The first public sector school established in Dewal in 1741 This school had been established by Ghaker Chief Hathi Khan on special request of Dhond Chief Heje Khan and Pir Abdul Majid Alvi (Pir Sahib Dewal Shareef) grand, grand and grand father Molana Abdul Mannan Alvi was the first administrator and head master of School who came fram Kaller Syedan, Rewat. He was awarded with fertilized agri land in Central Dewal. His grand son Molana Hasham Alvi led Muslims of Dewal in Jehad with Hari Sing Nalwa, a Dogra General and ambraced martyrdom in Dewal but school was not closed. It shifted to building of Aarhi Fort at Punjab and Hazara boundary in the ended point of Union Council Dewal in 1840.  School was tried to replac as Vernicular Zamindari School at Osea but Pir Sahib family refused to close and they continued teaching British Government sylabus as well as religious education. This school re recognized in 1926 and had taken controle by Rawalpindi Educational Authorities. Current building of school built by Punjab Government in 1941 but damaged in 1005 Earthquake. This school educated 3.5 centuries to people of Kohsar continuously. Syed Masoom Ali Shah of Julyal who established first private mobile school in Birote (1903) was student of this school.

     The oldest educational institution of Kohsar since 1741
    In British imperialism period
    British Government stepped forward to modernize Murree Hills and Circle Bakote according to recommendation of Major Abbott (founder of Abbottabad city and chief of Boundary Commission in 1846-62). He recommended his officials that only Zimindari school needed to provide clerks, revenue staff and lower class local servants. The Osia High School is a first educational institute that established this area in 1887.
     The Osia Higher Secondary School
    The oldest & historical educational institute in Kohsar

    Qazi Zafeer Ul Haq Alvi of Basian, Teacher of Osia High School in 1938-48

     
    Teachers group photo of Osea High School in 1984
     The Osia Higher Secondary School today
       The first Vernacular Primary School established in Bakote, Khanaspore/Reala and Boi in 1898 but with the lack of interest Reala School came on the verge of close down. Chifes of Birote take serious notice of mentioned position and a caravan under the leadership of Haji Qalander Khan met educational authorities and requested to shift this school to Birote. They offered to provide buildings and teachers accommodation free of cost. This request of Birotians accepted and Reala Vernacular Primary School shifted to Birote in March 1903, the first teacher was Molana Ismail Alvi, 
     Molana Mian Mohammed Yaqoub Alvi Birotvi
    Teacher and younger brother of Molana Mian Mohammed Ismael 
    Calvinist student was Nazar Mohammed Khan (Father of Raja Haiderzaman) and first building owner was Abdul Karim Khan. There are many private schools and collages are also open in Birote such as Syed Ahmed Shaheed Academy, SEDA Education System, Minhaj-ul-Quran public school had a big parts in education of Birote.
    First High School in Birote
    Primary School Birote was upgraded in 1958 and became Government High School [5] in 1971. Ex Chief Minister of NWFP Mehtab Ahmed Khan further upgraded this educational institution as Higher Secondary School in 1997 with new building that constructed by contractor Raja Haiderzaman Abbasi with cost of Rs. four million and eight thousand. This educational institution was constructed by the monetary contribution of Birotians all over the country and rest of the world in 1966 but now it is a in bad condition and not able to manage as school. It is a sign of extreme negligence of Birotian after 8th Oct, 2013 Earth quake.
    ۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔And now
    ۔۔۔۔۔۔۔ دیکھتا جا، شرماتا جا
     
     
     Education Minister Mushtaq Ghani visited damaged building of GBHSS Birote on 24th May 2014

    Government High School Birote in golden age

     روزنامہ محاسب ایبٹ آباد، 11اپریل، 2017
     
    ایم این اے ڈاکٹر اظہر خان بیروٹ ہائیر سکینڈری سکول کو کیپٹن عمیر عباسی شہید کے نام سے منسوب کرنے کی تقریب سے خطاب کر رہے ہیں جبکہ سعید احمد عباسی، ملک سعید عباسی اور خالد عباس عباسی بھی تقریب بھی موجود ہیں ۔۔۔۔۔۔ پندرہ مئی، 2017



    Government High School Birote hostel today
    It is also on verge of distruction, all windowa and doors are broken






    Government Higher Secondry School Birote in back side today
    Old building is still waiting for new constructions.
    Daily AENA E JAHAN Aslamabad, 29th Nov, 2016

    Government Higher Secondry School Birote (New Campes)

    School Principal Fahim Ahmed Alvi
    among PTI leadership of Circle Bakote 
    in his educational institution in Birote.
    They visited school and briefed him about issues that faced by school.
     
     

    100 year old Ex-Girls Higher Secondary School Birote
    ٰInside no building, no tree or plant, no teachers or student
     It is only a pile of stones


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    Negligence of Education Department or Lack of ERRA
    Government Girls High School Birote
    is Running without building since 2005 earthquake
    By M.Bilal Baseer Abbasi
    Students of the Government Girls High School Birote sit under the open sky due to dilapidating of building by Earthquake Reconstruction Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA) in 2009. As per details, Mrs Farrukh Naheed a notable of the area was the principal, and school was redeeming consideration. But due to unconcerned of the locals, school got razed/demolished by the ERRA.
    Acting Principal of the School, Miss Wajhia Hijjab (She is the 1st M Phill principal of school in Circle Bakote) told The Frontier Post, that, due to inattentiveness of the locals, school got demolished, and than after, school was functioning over the debris of razed school for three years. Now the condition is that School has been shifted in the building of Government Primary School Termuthian Birote, Abbottabad since 2012. But, due to lack of rooms no decorous place available for education activities.School is sectioned in to two parts.Three classes sit on courtyard under an open sky while others in rooms. No Staff room, Principal room, Library, Laboratories and play ground available for the students.When it rains, the whole environment of the school got disturbed.She said, how the students and teachers could conduct education activities in such a miserable situation.But in this condition we are providing tremendous outcome, last year school result was hundred percent, and more than twenty students achieved A1 and A grade.She Said the strength of the students shrunk from 800 to 300 due to unavailability of proper school building and that's why they quit education and sit at home while some join private education institutions.
          " I have written several times to the Education department and District administration to initiate work on the school,I have also personally arranged PTC meeting in this regard, but no avail".
    Zaheer Qureshi, an official of the planning and development department, and District Education Officer Female Abbottabad Miss Faiza Shaffi, told the correspondent that they had personally visited the affected school several times, with the administration of revenue department.But, due to land dispute  we didn't got ultimate solution.Now on the direction of corresponding Member Provincial Assembly,Mr Fareed Khan, We have already been written a letter to tehsildar revenue department to visit with us and do demarcation of the land.But,no response has been given yet by the revenue department.
    When contacted with ERRA, Brig Fayaz Hussain Shah, Director General Project, Earthquake Reconstruction Rehabilitation Authority claimed that the contract of the school was awarded in 2010 in which two type of building in the plane of ERRA one was light gauge structure for middle section and RRC structure for high section.But, due to terra firma/land  issue and local resistance, work was not started by the ERRA contractor.Though Material was dumped by the contractor, but, no activities were started, and as a result the contract terminated.
    Sardar Fareed Ahmed Khan,member KPK Assembly for the area, said directives had been issued to relevant officials to solve the matter.
    While commenting on the matter, a notable of the area, and local leader of Pakistan Tehreek Insaf, Mr. Haji Muhammad khurshid Abbasi, told  The   Frontier Post that The school was built in 1907 and was elevated to middle school in 1958 and made a high school in 1972. All grandmas, mother, sisters and daughters of current generation are the students of this well reputed education institution.He alleged that 110 year old school and 26 year old building to award construction contract immorally, unethically and unlawfully.The daughters of common sit on debris of demolished school while childs of lords of the area enjoying joys of education in locals, Islamabad, Abbottabad private educational institutions.
    A senior educationist and social work, Mr. Sadaqat Abbasi (of Birote Khurd), said that a building with sitting on the floor couldn't be considered as school. "Every school should have proper educational environment necessary for imparting education. Building,furniture,and class rooms are necessary for a school,".
    Students, teachers,Well reputed peoples and local leaders made a fervent appeal to federal government of Pakistan and provincial government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, to take notice of the matter, and issue your directive to respecting department Earthquake Reconstruction Rehabilitation Authority, Education Department KPK and other responsible authorities in this regard.

    Rising journalist of UC Birote
     Bilal Baseer Abbasi 
    mourning trumpeted over sad demise of 
    GGHSS Birote
    in his column published in 
    The Frontier Post Peshawar (Page 04) on 16th Feb, 2017.
    <Read it in this link>

     

    This is a site the oldest female Higher Secondary School Birote
    Building of this school damaged in 2005 Earth Quake but all materiel has been sold by Contractor Mafia, contractor escaped and students of this school are studding in refuge buildings.,

    Primary School Bandi Chandalan, Lower Birote


    Government Primary School Basian , UC Birote
    Left wall damaged after three years of construcction
    This school is constructed by Raja Haider Zaman with cost of three millions
    Govt Model Primary school Sumblanian, Termutheian
    VC Kahu East, UC Birote
    (Photo by A S Abbasi, teacher)
    Students of Primary School Termuthean, VC Kahu East
    Primary teachers of Birote
    (Mostly retired and deceased)
    Masooma, Basian......... A tent school in UC Birote
     Khalid Joher Abbasi of Birote, school teacher (R) of modern time.
    He has some teachers in his family, his younger son Khawer Abbasi, brother in law Aftab Abbasi (Osea, Murree) and a nephew are public and private institutions teachers. His tribe elders Raja Abdul Kareem Khan, Soofi Mohammed Abbas Khan & Haji Wali Ahmed Khan dedicated their buildings for first boys and girls Vernicular Primary schools in Birote in 1898 and 1925.
    Abdusatar Abbasi of Kahu East
    Teacher of modern age in a local Primary School
    Namood e Saher (Dawn) Public School Mohrha, Birote Khurd
     Annual prize distribution cermony at Namood e Saher

    ........ It was a insulted punishment for students in old days.
    A modern school system in Birote Ex-administrator Hawaldar (R) Aflak Abbasi also punished female students in this way a few years ago. 
     <Read More>
    First Private School
    In last decade of 18th century, Seyed Masoom Ali Shah of Juleal introduced a mobile private school in Birote and all first batch of teachers were provided by him in 1903. After his mission in eighties of previous century, Bashir Abbasi of UC Bakot established Yasin Public School in Birote first time. Saeed Ahmed Abbasi, a lawyer had founded Seyed Ahmed Shaheed Academy in Central Birote in 1984 and changed into a chain of schools. It was a milestone of modern education in Birote and it create a religio-modern and political thoughts in student's minds.
    Saeed Ahmed Abbasi
    Chief Executive Syed Ahmed Shaheed Academy
     A new way of learning and with modern Western syllabus introduced by SEEDA School System in 2002 in Birote and gained a high popularity among educated parents of students. The owner of this school is also a high educated fellow named Iftekhar Abbasi, an ex-employee of Seyed Ahmed Shaheed Academy and now he established two campuses. 

     Iftekhar Abbasi
    Chief Executive SEDA School System
    Minjah model school is also a populer institute, it is a combination of Islamic and modern education. Head of Minhaj model school Muhammad Munib abbasi is educated and most popular person. Other modern institutions of Birote are Suddam Model School and Aeries Model School. Another new educational institute is Iqra Academy School the owner of this school is Anser Mehmood Abbasi school located in sehrora Birote and a religious school Jamia Ali-ul Murtaza in khohuti, northren Birote. HAMOOD KHAN ABBASI son of M.SHOAIB ABBASI is most populer person in khouti Dhara Birote.HE is computer eng and now a days working in SAUDI ARABIA and also social worker in Birote. In past Muhammad Aqib Abbasis/o Asghar Hussain Abbasi thrown computer education in this area many boys and girls finished 0ne year diploma four months courses hardware course from SASA education school under the supervision of Muhammad Aqib Abbasi.
    First Computer Academy
    The Computer Academy established by a Islamabad based NGO on behalf of Nasir Mehmood of SEDA SCHOOL SYSTEM in mid of 2012 at premise of Birote Post Office.

     First Private Teacher Training School
    Qari Nishan Ali of UC Bakote started first teacher traing school at Kaho Sharqi, UC Birote in 1992 but it shut down after two months. Teacher did not show any interest in this regard.

     First Public Library
     The first bublic library set up by Jamaet e Islami Birote at Akhorhan Bazar in 1975 by Fazl u Rehman Faiz, a local JI leader. It had shut down after his death in 1980. The second and last library has established by the funding of PML (N) Ex MNA Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan at Kahuti Bazar. Nasir Abbasi, Dawa Academy Librarian take charge of President and trying to increase volume of books now. He wrote about his role in Library that "I was selected as President of Library Committee by community members, not Chief Executive. The vital goals of Birote Public Library ( BPL) is to provide a common platform for related community for intellectual freedom, harmony and dialogue among different segments of society without any discrimination.
    Librarian Dawa Acadmy Librery Islamabad
    & President of Birote Public Librery 
    ****************
    Other educational milestones in Birote 
    • First religious Madrisa in modern time was started by Molana Usman Abbasi at Kahoo Sharqi in 1990.
    • Two new mosques are inaugurated in Kahoo Sharqi and started Traweeh Prayers 26 August in 2009. One is in Ali Abad (ex named Mounda) and second is in Bahk, near chair lift. Masques are full with Nimazies and Imams of the holy worshiped places are reciting Holy Quraan in Traweeh Prayers with religious enthusiasm. 
    • First Ahl e Hadith masque is completed in Central Birote near Mobilink Towers by General Councilor Zoaq Akhter Abbasi. 
    • Besides these masques a shrine of Shia Seyed is also under construction at Termuthean, south part of UC Birote. People of Tarmuthean resisting against mentioned construction work. 
    • A new masque is completed at Bagh Jabbur in Central Birote recently.
    • Rajpote Tribe of Birote also established a Madrissah and a masque in Tahndi, Central Birote.
    • Qureshi Tribe of Sindwari Hell, Central Birote near Knair Kass also constructed new masque.
    External links 

    1. Educational crisis and its salvation (In Urdu) 
    2. Our religious education, an analysis by Dr. Mohammed Amin (In Urdu)
    3. Elementary & Secondary Education Department
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